Code editors, or source code editors, are pieces of software that are intended primarily to aid developers in coding. These are really just text editors with some added features to manage and modify code. It can be independent or it can be a component of an IDE. Code editors are programming language-specific. Some editors support only one or two programming languages, while others support many. It may provide ideas and highlights only dependent on language support.
Top 10 Best Free Code Editors Software Window & Mac in 2021
A structure editor is a form of the code editor, or we can say that it is the functionality that is contained in the editors. To change the code’s structure, you can use a tool called “structure editing,” which operates on the syntax tree. The syntax tree is nothing but the structure of the code that is written in a programming language. The code editors don’t compile the code. It only allows you to write and change the source code.
- When developers create code using these editors, it takes care of syntax.
- Code editors quickly alert you to any syntax problems.
- Developers don’t have to worry about syntax.
- Auto indentation and auto-completion save a lot of time.
- Some editors, like Sublime Text and Visual Studio Code, feature an integrated terminal.
Enlisted below are the many features of these editors:
- Syntax highlighting
- Auto indentation
- Brace matching
How are code editors different from IDEs and text editors?
Code editors offer greater functionality than basic text editors. Plain text editors don’t provide features like syntax highlighting and auto indentations. Also, code editors are not IDEs. An IDE contains debugging features, code generators, and many more complicated functionalities to aid the developers, whilst best code editors help developers with coding. According to programming languages, it identifies keywords and syntax problems.
Advantages and Disadvantages of Using These Editors:
The best code editors are handy if you are developing the code from scratch. But if you have to update the current code that was developed by someone else, then an IDE is the best alternative. An IDE is helpful for understanding the code that is produced by others, as code editors cannot build and debug the code. Some aspects of these editors are better than IDEs, such as theme selection and searches, which are vital while writing the code.
Meanwhile, instead of editing a few lines and troubleshooting repeatedly using code editors, you may concentrate more on coding. Another argument for utilizing these editors instead of the IDE is that the IDE requires more resources like CPU, memory, and disc space. Because they don’t consume a lot of system resources, code editors are lightning-fast.
GitHub has developed the Atom code editor text and source code editors. It’s free and open-source software that may be used as an integrated development environment (IDE).
- It features built-in package management.
- Auto-completion alternatives are intelligently provided.
- You may open the tool in many windows for comparison.
- It offers cross-platform editing.
- It gives extra features for discovering and replacing text and searching files.
- It’s simple to use.
- It gives certain specific development tools.
- The user interface is simple to modify.
- For writing packages, you will need a coffee-script.
2. Sublime Text
The sublime text editor is for Windows, Linux, and Mac.
- It can identify and highlight syntax problems.
- For the full project, it may automatically construct an index of classes, methods, and functions.
- It provides clever alternatives for opening files, jumping to symbols, etc.
- Editing multiple lines at once is possible.
- Almost everything may be customized with a JSON file.
- No package manager.
- The print option is not available.
- You can pick and modify several lines.
- It is intuitive to use, even for those with no prior experience.
Linux and Unix users can use Notepad++ as a source code editor because it is available for all three operating systems. It may also be used on Macs via a third-party program. The most recent release is 7.5.8.
- It allows Macros recording and playback.
- Adding bookmarks, finding and replacing tasks, auto-completion, and syntax highlighting are just a few of the features that make it simple to use.
- It supports Multi-View and a Tab interface for Multi-Document.
- There is a spell check feature.
- Beginners won’t have any difficulty using it.
- Good community support from GitHub.
- Remote file editing is not available for HTTP, SSH, and WebDAV.
- A third-party application is required to run Notepad++ on a Mac.
Four Brackets is a text editor for web design or web development. It’s a free and open-source program. Its newest release is 1.13. On Windows, Linux, and the Macintosh, it may be utilized.
- It’s adaptable.
- It is lightweight and strong.
- The “Live Preview” function provided by brackets allows you to see the results of any CSS or HTML changes in your browser as they happen.
- It provides inline editors.
- Regular updates include additional functionality and bug fixes.
- Customization is a breeze.
- Before the connection is established, you may see a preview of the code.
- The auto-complete option is not available.
- The use of plugins from other sources is not permitted.
- There is no support for full-screen or split-screen displays.
5. Visual Studio Code
open-source software, Visual Studio Code. You may run it on any of these platforms: Windows, Linux, or Mac.
- highlights of syntactic elements.
- variable type, function definition, and imported module auto-completion.
- Use breakpoints, call stacks, and an interactive console for debugging purposes.
- Extensibility and personalization abound in Visual Studio Code.
- It’s a small and portable tool.
- It doesn’t use much RAM either.
- Sometimes the system operates sluggishly under Linux.
Numerous programming languages may be used with the Vim text editor, which supports thousands of them. Vi is the name given to the command-line text editor on UNIX and Mac computers. The most recent release is 8.1.
- highlights of syntactic elements.
- It facilitates the editing of compressed files.
- The mouse can be used to interact with the program.
- Spelling check
- Making a macro recording
- It supports several programming languages.
- availability of search and replace capabilities.
- It is difficult to learn.
- It just has a few IDE capabilities.
Bluefish is a free text editor. It may be used on numerous operating systems, such as Windows, Linux, Mac OS, and Solaris. This easy-to-use framework may be used for programming and website projects.
- highlights of syntactic elements.
- Auto-completion & Code Folding.
- Code Navigation
- Bluefish is an extendable system.
- It supports various encodings.
- It has a Unicode character browser.
- Sometimes the system gets sluggish.
8. TextMate – Best code editor for windows
TextMate is a Mac text editor. You can use TextMate for more than 50 languages.
- Search and replace functionality inside a project.
- Detecting and removing brackets automatically
- Recording Macros does not require programming knowledge.
- It has a few project management tools built-in.
- You can pick a theme for syntax highlighting.
- You may search and replace regular expressions.
- It facilitates toggling between the files inside the project with only a few keystrokes.
- It doesn’t give a guided code completion feature.
- It doesn’t have a built-in HTML validator.
9. TextWrangler – Best code editor for windows
TextWrangler is a text and code editor for the Mac OS. It is currently known as BBEdit. It includes incorporated help from Mac OS X’s spelling service.
- It facilitates the comparison of text files.
- Multiple updos are possible with this.
- It supports auto indentations.
- Splitting the editing windows is possible.
- Extensive FTP and SFTP support.
- It supports full-screen mode.
- A powerful way to find and replace words and phrases.
- It features rectangle text selection.
- It is available solely for the Mac OS.
10. UltraEdit – Best code editor for windows
UltraEdit is the best free online code editors by IDE Computer Solutions. On Windows, Linux, and the Macintosh, it may be utilized. It contains features for developers and companies as well. One UltraEdit license can be used on three different platforms.
- It integrates SSH, FTP, and Telnet.
- It offers file and data sorting.
- It supports macros and scripts.
- It allows file encryption and decryption.
- editing using many carets at once.
- UltraEdit can handle big files.
- It can operate with files of any size, up to 4GB and more.
- You may pick or set the theme as per your preference.
- The smart search function that is offered may search for any term or regular phrase across files.
- It is pricey.
The Atom code editor is primarily developed for developers and is a fantastic solution for basic and advanced programming. Sublime Text is helpful for HTML and PHP development novices. Notepad++ provides strong code highlighting features. Brackets is an inline text editor for web design.
With brackets, you can observe the changes instantaneously. Visual Studio Code download is the best option for ASP.Net and C#. Vim is a good text editor, but the only problem with it is that it has a steep learning curve. Bluefish is primarily known as a high-speed PHP editor. TextMate and TextWrangler are the text editors for Macs alone. UltraEdit is ideal for managing huge files.